Landfill leachate and sludge treatment
Horizontal flow reedbeds
Veolia Environmental Services
Veolia Environmental Services operate Bobbingworth landfill site in Essex. Following the capping and landscaping of the site, Veolia required a means of treating leachate, which was accumulating within the landfill and being pumped to the surface at an average rate of 30 m3/d.
This leachate was being tankered away for treatment and disposal at a remote location at cost to the operator. A water treatment works situated a few hundred metres away could accept this leachate if the iron loading was reduced from 100mg/l to below20 mg/l, and any soluble methane was removed.
Once pumped to the surface, the iron within the leachate was primarily in its oxidised or ferric state as an insoluble precipitate. There was also some iron in its ferrous or soluble form.
The wetland solution was a passive, horizontal surface flow reed bed, using Typha latifolia in a soil-based media with a process area of approximately 560m2. The surface flow system would allow the precipitated iron to spread and settle over the whole bed, avoiding clogging along the leading edge of the system. The surface flow provides additional oxygenation of the leachate converting any insoluble ferrous iron into precipitated ferric form. Typha latifolia provides a bulky rhizome and stem suited to knocking down suspended solids in the effluent stream. Methane strippers were supplied by others but installed by ARM Ltd.
The installation of the wetland system provided a robust treatment solution with low maintenance requirements, minimising the need for operator attendance on site. The costs associated with tankering leachate away were eliminated and delivery to the local wastewater treatment works provided the security of an ongoing treatment solution for Veolia, without the concern of the achievement of tight consents that are required for discharge into the local environment.