Wetlands work in various ways including

  • Engineering manipulation and control of natural biological processes
  • Creating an ideal habitiat for micro-organisms to thrive as they breakdown various pollutants
  • Natually occuring bacteria attach to the subsurface media and form a biomass
  • Bugs evolve to consumer the contaminants in effluent
  • Effluent leaves the system mainly free of pollutants

Role of plants

  • Slow stir the media matrix improving hydraulic conductivity
  • Provide a range of microbial niches through gaseous exchange and physical action
  • Rhizone root mass removes suspended solids
  • Cycles nutrients and carbon


Wetlands work in various ways including

  • Engineering manipulation and control of natural biological processes
  • Creating an ideal habitiat for micro-organisms to thrive as they breakdown various pollutants
  • Natually occuring bacteria attach to the subsurface media and form a biomass
  • Bugs evolve to consumer the contaminants in effluent
  • Effluent leaves the system mainly free of pollutants

Role of plants

  • Slow stir the media matrix improving hydraulic conductivity
  • Provide a range of microbial niches through gaseous exchange and physical action
  • Rhizone root mass removes suspended solids
  • Cycles nutrients and carbon


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Overview of wetland systems and related terminology