Project experience Industrial wastewater treatment
System experience Vertical flow reedbeds
Services Design
Construction
Year completed 2004
Client Anglian Water
Contractor ARM Ltd
 
 

Challenge

Anglian Water required a tertiary treatment solution for their site at Earls Colne in Essex. The discharge consents for the site were to be tightened by the Environment Agency. The site had no power available and the cost of introducing a power-based tertiary treatment solution was prohibitive. The required improvements in the new discharge consent were focused on the solids and ammonia levels though some reduction in the BOD levels was also needed. The average flow through the works is 1,168m3/d.

Solution

The addition of ammonia to the discharge consent specifies a system which will provide adequate oxygen transfer to achieve nitrification of the ammonia to nitrate thus a vertical flow reedbed system was selected.

The requirement for tight control of solids meant that two separate beds operated alternately would be the best technical solution, as it would allow each bed to ‘rest’ during which time organic solids will break down preventing clogging of the surface.

The use of vertical beds requires batch feed so a siphon was installed to negate the need for batch pumping and power connection.

Two beds of 20 x 40m were constructed totalling 1,600 m2.

A stilling chamber between the siphon and the beds was also installed to allow for some solids settling, reducing the solids load passing forward onto the beds.

Outcome

The use of passive vertical flow reedbeds as a solution for the tertiary treatment of site effluent provided Anglian Water with a low maintenance gravity operated treatment system with no power requirement at Earls Colne.

The addition of the tertiary reedbed treatment system avoided the significant capital costs that would have been associated with an upgrade of the secondary treatment process in order for the site to meet the tighter discharge consents set by the Environment Agency.


Challenge

Anglian Water required a tertiary treatment solution for their site at Earls Colne in Essex. The discharge consents for the site were to be tightened by the Environment Agency. The site had no power available and the cost of introducing a power-based tertiary treatment solution was prohibitive. The required improvements in the new discharge consent were focused on the solids and ammonia levels though some reduction in the BOD levels was also needed. The average flow through the works is 1,168m3/d.

Solution

The addition of ammonia to the discharge consent specifies a system which will provide adequate oxygen transfer to achieve nitrification of the ammonia to nitrate thus a vertical flow reedbed system was selected.

The requirement for tight control of solids meant that two separate beds operated alternately would be the best technical solution, as it would allow each bed to ‘rest’ during which time organic solids will break down preventing clogging of the surface.

The use of vertical beds requires batch feed so a siphon was installed to negate the need for batch pumping and power connection.

Two beds of 20 x 40m were constructed totalling 1,600 m2.

A stilling chamber between the siphon and the beds was also installed to allow for some solids settling, reducing the solids load passing forward onto the beds.

Outcome

The use of passive vertical flow reedbeds as a solution for the tertiary treatment of site effluent provided Anglian Water with a low maintenance gravity operated treatment system with no power requirement at Earls Colne.

The addition of the tertiary reedbed treatment system avoided the significant capital costs that would have been associated with an upgrade of the secondary treatment process in order for the site to meet the tighter discharge consents set by the Environment Agency.


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Downloads
  • Case study: Earls Colne
    Case study: Earls Colne
    2pp 250.31KB
    Download
  • Brochure - Vertical flow reed beds
    Brochure - Vertical flow reed beds
    2pp 217.52KB
    Download
  • Article: Reed bed treatment solution
    Article: Reed bed treatment solution
    10pp 1.25MB
    Download
 
 
 
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Vertical flow reedbeds for Anglian Water