South East England
South East Water
Actiflo® and Multiflo™ clarifiers
South East Waters’ WTW at Hazards Green supplies up to 18 million litres of drinking water per day (Ml/d). The water source, which comes from a river, is subject to high turbidity loadings during heavy rain and can be too low to abstract from during drier periods. SEW constructed an additional supply from Darwell Reservoir to provide a raw water source during periods of drought.
Due to expansion, South East Water required a new independent water treatment clarifier stream to produce up to an additional 12 Ml/d of water.
Veolia Water Technologies provided the process design, construction, installation, testing and commissioning of two package unit Actiflo® high rate clarifiers. This water is blended with the effluent from the existing clarifier stream rapid gravity filters, before being treated through the existing GAC absorbers and chlorinated in the existing contact tank.
In addition to the new Actiflo® clarifier stream, the existing sludge dewatering centrifuge was replaced by a membrane filter press. This press is sized to take the combined sludge flow from both treatment streams. The existing dirty washwater facilities have been retained but modified to interface with the new sludge thickening facilities which are centred on two Multiflo® sludge thickeners.
The existing chemical dosing facilities have been replaced and/or upgraded to accommodate a revised chemical selection. The purpose of the project was to increase the treatment capacity of the works while improving the process response to sudden high raw water turbidity events. Due to its ability to start up and achieve treatment requirements within minutes, Actiflo® has proved to be more effective and versatile than the original clarifiers in dealing with the raw water variations.
The Actiflo® process is a patented compact clarification system that utilises microsand as a seed for floc formation. The resulting sand-ballasted floc displays rapid settling characteristics that permit clarifier designs with high rise rates and short retention times. These designs result in system footprints that are between 5 and 20 times smaller than conventional clarification systems of a similar capacity. Actiflo® is ideally suited for difficult-to-treat waters, such as rapidly fluctuating water sources.
Methods of work were restricted due to the presence on site of Great Crested Newts (Triturus cristatus) and Pipistrelle Bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus).